عوامل مؤثر بر پذیرش طرح‌ مدیریت آب در راستای احیای دریاچه ارومیه توسط کشاورزان شهرستان نقده

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانش‌آموخته کارشناسی ارشد/ دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه کردستان، سنندج.

2 استادیار/ گروه اقتصاد و ترویج کشاورزی دانشگاه کردستان، سنندج.

چکیده

پژوهش حاضر با هدف بررسی عوامل مؤثر بر پذیرش طرح مدیریت آب در راستای احیای دریاچه ارومیه توسط کشاورزان شهرستان نقده انجام شد. جامعه آماری پژوهش 670 کشاورز ساکن در 9 روستای شهرستان نقده بودند که بر اساس فرمول کوکران و روش نمونه‌گیری طبقه‌ای تصادفی با انتساب متناسب، 152 نفر از آنها به عنوان نمونه مورد مطالعه انتخاب شدند. ابزار گردآوری داده‌ها پرسشنامه‌ بود که روایی آن توسط متخصصان تأیید گردید و پایایی آن از طریق انجام یک مطالعه راهنما و محاسبه آلفای کرونباخ تأیید شد. نتایج تحلیل همبستگی نشان داد بین نگرش نسبت به احیای دریاچه ارومیه و طرح مدیریت آب، امکانات برای پذیرش طرح، دانش در زمینه احیای دریاچه و طرح مدیریت آب، هنجار ذهنی، احساس مسؤولیت، میزان زمین و سطح تحصیلات با پذیرش طرح مدیریت آب توسط کشاورزان رابطه مثبت و معنی‌داری وجود دارد. یافته‌های تحلیل رگرسیون لجستیک نیز نشان داد که متغیرهای دانش در زمینه احیای دریاچه، امکانات برای پذیرش طرح، نگرش نسبت به احیای دریاچه و نگرش نسبت به طرح مدیریت آب به عنوان مهمترین عوامل متمایزکننده دو گروه کشاورزان پذیرنده و نپذیرنده طرح مدیریت آب می‌باشند. این متغیرها با تبیین حدود 88 درصد از واریانس متغیر پذیرش طرح مدیریت آب، در مجموع توانستند 1/92 درصد از کل پاسخگویان را به درستی در دو گروه پذیرنده و نپذیرنده طرح مدیریت آب تفکیک نمایند. بر اساس یافته‌های پژوهش، پیشنهادهایی در رابطه با طراحی و اجرای برنامه‌های آموزشی و ترویجی به منظور افزایش پذیرش طرح مدیریت آب در راستای احیای دریاچه ارومیه توسط کشاورزان ارائه گردید.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Factors Affecting Adoption of Water Management Project for Reclamation of Lake Urmia by Farmers in Naghadeh Township

نویسندگان [English]

  • Hamid Taheri 1
  • Hamideh Maleksaeidi 2
  • Mohammad Jalali 2
1 M.Sc. Graduate, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Kurdistan, Sanandaj
2 Assistant Professor, Department of Agricultural Economic and Extension, University of Kurdistan, Sanandaj.
چکیده [English]

Purpose of this study was investigating factors affecting the acceptance of water management plan for restoration of Lake Urmia by farmers in Naghadeh. Sociological model of environmental behavior by Fietkau and Kassel (1981) was used for analyzing farmers’ behavior. Statistical population of the study was 670 farmers in 9 villages in Naghadeh. Based on Cochran formula and stratified random sampling, 152 farmers were selected as the study sample. A questionnaire was used for data collecting which its validity was verified by experts and its reliability was confirmed by calculating Cronbach's alpha. Correlation results showed positive and significant relationships between acceptance of water management plan for restoration of Lake Urmia with farmers' attitude towards lake restoration and water management plan, farmers' facilities, farmers' knowledge about lake restoration and water management plan, subjective norm, sense of responsibility, land ownership and level of education. Results of logistic regression indicated that farmers' knowledge about lake restoration, farmers' facilities, farmers' attitude towards lake restoration and attitude towards water management plan as the most important determinant factors of two groups of farmers (adopters and non-adopters of water management plan) have been able to correctly classify 92.1% of the total respondents. 64 to 88 percent of variance of the variable acceptance of water management plan was determined by independent variables entered in the model. Based on the findings, suggestions were made regarding the design and implementation of educational and extension programs to increase the acceptance of water management plan for restoring Lake Urmia by farmers.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • The Sociological Model of Environmental Behavior by Fietkau and Kassel
  • logistic regression
  • Social norm
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