مدل‌سازی فرآیند مکان‌یابی مناطق مستعد تغذیه مصنوعی آب‌های زیرزمینی جهت پخش سیلاب، مبتنی بر تکنیک GIS و روش AHP (مطالعه موردی: آبخوان دشت خوی)

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانش‌آموخته کارشناسی ارشد/ مهندسی عمران - مهندسی و مدیریت منابع آب، گروه مهندسی عمران، واحد ارومیه، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، ارومیه، ایران.

2 استادیار / گروه عمران، دانشکده فنی و مهندسی، دانشگاه ارومیه، ارومیه، ایران.

چکیده

در تحقیق حاضر با بهره‌گیری از روش تحلیل سلسله مراتبی (AHP) و سامانه اطلاعات جغرافیایی (GIS‌)، مدلی جامع به‌منظور مکان‌یابی مناطق مستعد اجرای تغذیه مصنوعی آبخوان زیرزمینی به ‌روش پخش سیلاب، تهیه شده است. بدین منظور دشت خوی که در سالیان اخیر با افزایش بهره‌برداری از سفره آب زیرزمینی، بیلان آبی منفی داشته است، به‌عنوان مطالعه موردی انتخاب گردید. شانزده معیار شیب، کاربری ‌اراضی، ژﺋﻮمورفولوژی، زمین‌شناسی، فاصله از گسل‌‌، جاده‌، آبراهه‌‌، چاه‌‌‌، چشمه‌ و قنات‌، میزان بارش، دما، تبخیر و تعرق، هدایت الکتریکی، گرادیان هیدرولیکی، ضخامت بخش غیراشباع آبرفت، قابلیت انتقال آبخوان و نفوذپذیری سطحی خاک در قالب چهار خوشه فیزیکی، اقلیمی، هیدرولوژیکی و هیدروژﺋﻮلوژیکی دسته‌بندی شدند. پس از آماده‌سازی لایه‌های اطلاعاتی و تعیین وزن هر کدام از طریق نظرسنجی از کارشناسان، تلفیق لایه‌ها به روش Weighted Sum در محیط ArcGIS، انجام گردید. با حذف مناطق دارای محدودیت، پهنه مورد مطالعه در پنج کلاس طبقه‌بندی شد و تعداد شش سناریو در مناطق بسیار مناسب، پیشنهاد گردید. اولویت‌بندی سناریوها با اجرای مدل پیشنهادی منجر به معرفی سناریوی سوم به‌‌عنوان برترین گزینه شد. نتایج حاکی از آن است که در پهنه‌های غیروسیع، به‌دلیل تشابه بالای خصوصیات اقلیمی و هیدرولوژیکی سایت‌های منتخب، تصمیم نهایی تأثیر اندکی از این شاخص‌ها خواهد پذیرفت.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Modeling Artificial Groundwater Nourishing (through Flood Spreading) Site Selection Process based on GIS Technique and AHP Method (Case Study: Khoy Plain Aquifer)

نویسندگان [English]

  • M. Shafiei 1
  • M. Ghanbarzadeh Lak 2
1 M.Sc. Graduate of Civil Engineering - Engineering and Water Resources Management, Department of Civil Engineering, Urmia Branch, Islamic Azad University, Urmia, Iran.
2 Assistant Professor, Department of Civil Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Urmia University, Urmia, Iran.
چکیده [English]

A comprehensive model based on AHP and GIS is developed to locate areas susceptible to artificial groundwater nourishing through flood spreading. Khoy plain, which in recent years has increased its groundwater usage, selected as the case study. Sixteen criteria considered including slope, land-use, geomorphology, geology, distance from fault zones, roads, waterways, wells, springs and aqueducts, rate of rainfall, temperature, and evapotranspiration, electrical conductivity of available groundwater, and its hydraulic gradient, thickness of non-saturated alluvial section, ability of aquifer transfer, and surface permeability of soil. Above-mentioned attributes were classified into four groups, i.e. physical, climatic, hydrological and hydro-geological clusters. Gathered data were prepared in GIS environment, and based on pair wise comparisons, the preference of each cluster and its sub-criteria was determined. By combination of the layers using Weighted Sum method in ArcGIS, unacceptable zones ignored, and the remaining ones were classified into five categories. Finally six scenarios were proposed in very suitable zones. The proposed scenarios were then prioritized based on developed model and the 3rd scenario was selected. Results indicated that due to the similarity of the climatic and hydrological characteristics of selected sites in the non-wide areas, the final decision will have a small effect on these indicators.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Flood spreading
  • Analytical hierarchy process (AHP)
  • Khoy Plain
  • Site Selection
  • GIS
Alesheikh AA, Soltani MJ, Nouri N and Khalilzadeh M (2008) Land assessment for flood spreading site selection using geospatial information system. International Journal of Environmental Science and Technology 5(4):455-462

Ali HY, Priju CP and Prasad NN (2015) Delineation of groundwater potential zones in deep midland aquifers along Bharathapuzha river basin, Kerala using geophysical methods. Aquatic Procedia 4:1039-1046

Asgharipourdasht Bozorg N, Servati MR, Kardovani P and Shayan S (2013) Identification suitable areas of flood spreading for artificial recharge groundwater using AHP method in GIS environment case study Abied Sarbishe of Gotvand. Quarterly Geographical Journal of Territory 10(38):93-108 (In Persian)

Ataei M (2016) Multi Criteria Decision making. Shahrood University of Technology, 342p (In Persian)

Baharvand S, Soori S, Farhadinejad T and Amiri V (2016) Delineation of groundwater potential by using the Fuzzy and AHP integrated method: A case study area around the Khorramabad city. International Bulletin of Water Resources and Development 3(4):28-37

Bayat Varkeshi M, Farahani M and Ghabaei Sough M (2018) Effect of meteorological drought on groundwater resource (Case study: Komijan aquifer in Markazi province). Iran-Water Resources Research 14(1):114-124 (In Persian)

Chenini I, Mammou AB and Elmay M (2010) Groundwater recharge zone mapping using GIS based multi criteria analysis: A case study in Central Tunisia Maknassy basin. Water Resources Management 24(5):921-939

Chowdhury A, Jha MK, Chowdary VM (2010) Delineation of groundwater recharge zones and identification of artificial recharge sites in West Medinipur District, West Bengal, using RS, GIS and MCDM techniques. Environmental Earth Sciences 59(6):1209-1222

Dashtpagerdi MM, Nohegar A, Vagharfard H, Honarbakhsh A, Mahmoodinejad V, Norouzi A and Ghochepoor D (2013) Application of spatial analysis techniques to select the suitable areas for flood spreading. Water Resources Management 27(8):3071-3084

Ebrahimi A (2014) Locate areas of artificial recharge projects by using GIS and modeling the specified area (Cases study: Behshahr and Galogah). Master's thesis, Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz (In Persian)

Ebrahimi F, Karami G and Hafezi Moghadas N (2011) AHP method used in site selection of artificial recharge in Shahrood County. In: Proc. of the 7th Iranian Conference of Engineering Geology and the Environment, Shahrood University of Technology (In Persian)

Entezari M and Gholami M (2014) Potential groundwater resources of Romeshgan basin with GIS technique. Applied Geomorphology of Iran 2(4):31-43 (In Persian)

Feyzi Z, Keshtkar AR, Malekian A and Ghasemieh H (2016) Fuzzy AHP application for flood spreading site selection (Case study: South of Kashan plain). Journal of Water and Soil Science 20(76):129-141 (In Persian)

Foltz RC (2002) Iran’s water crisis cultural political and ethical dimensions. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 15(4):357-380

Ghahari GH and Pakparvar M (2007) Effect of floodwater spreading and consumption on groundwater resources in Gareh Bygone plain. Iranian Journal of Range and Desert Research 14(3):368-390 (In Persian)

Ghayoumian J, Ghermezcheshmeh B, Feyznia S and Noroozi AA (2005) Integrating GIS and DSS for identification of suitable areas for artificial recharge, Case study Meimeh basin, Isfahan, Iran. Environmental Geology 47(4):493-500

Ghayoumian J, Saravi MM, Feiznia S, Nouri B and Malekian A (2007) Application of GIS techniques to determine areas most suitable foe artificial ground water recharge in a Coastal aquifer in southern Iran. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences 30(2):364-374

Ghordooyi Milan M and Karami QH (2013-a) Qualitative assessment of water entering to Khoy artificial ponds. In: Proc. of 1st Conference on Applied Geo-Chemistry in Iran, Damghan University, Damghan (In Persian)

Ghordooyi Milan M and Karami QH (2013-b) Evaluating the effects of artificial nourishing. In: Proc. of 8th Conference of the Iranian Association of Engineering Geology and the Environment, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad (In Persian)

Goodarzi L, Akhondali A and Zarei H (2015) Identification of sites suitable for artificial recharging using GIS and AHP techniques (Case study: Oshtorinan plain). Journal of RS and GIS for Natural Resources 5(4):47-60 (In Persian)

Haji Hosseinlou H (2018) Assessment of decreasing of groundwater-table using Geographic Information System (GIS) (Case study: Firuragh Plain Aquifer), Geography and Environmental Hazards 7(26) DOI: 10.22067/geo.v7i2.67365 (In Persian)

Hekmatpour M, Feyznia S, Ahmadi H and Khalilpour A (2007) Zonation of suitable areas for ground water artificial recharge in Varamin plain using GIS and Decision support system (DSS). Journal of Environmental Studies 33(42):1-8 (In Persian)

Iran Ministry of Energy (2005) Iran water resources management company guidelines on determining surface water qualitative privacy range. Available at (accessed on: June 2018): http://www.wrm.ir/SC.php?type=component_sections&id=86&sid=18 (In Persian)

Iran Ministry of Energy (2014) Office of standards and water and sewage projects, preparation of technical criteria for the country's water industry plan, instructions for determining the quantitative privacy range of wells and aqueducts. Available at (accessed on: June 2018):http://waterstandard.wrm.ir/SC. php?type=component_section&id=278&sid=56 (In Persian)

Kaliraj S, Chandrasekar N and Magesh NS (2014) Identification of potential groundwater recharge zones in Vaigai upper basin, Tamil Nadu, using GIS based analytical hierarchical process AHP technique. Arabian Journal of Geosciences 7(4):1385-1401

Karimi h, Naseri B and Naderi F (2013) Determination of suitable localities for flood spreading and artificial recharge using BLM model in Chardavol basin Ilam province. Iranian Journal of Watershed management Science & Engineering 7(21):71-76 (In Persian)

Keykhosravi G and Yarmoradi Z (2014) Locate suitable sites for artificial recharge surface water and flood spreading using geographic information system GIS (Case study: City of Sabzevar). Scientific-Research Quarterly of Geographical Data (SEPEHR) 23(90):25-31 (In Persian)

Khanbazi Sabuki S, Kalantari N and Zarei M (2014) Locating of feasible artificial recharge sites using analytic hierarchy process AHP and GIS. In: Proc. of32nd National & the 1st International Geosciences Congress, Geological Survey of Iran, Tehran (In Persian)

Khodayari M, Hessari B, Ahmadi H and Mohammadpor M (2017) Surveying effects of artificial recharge project on groundwater fluctuation of Khoy plain with GIS. In: Proc. of 2nd National Iranian Conference on Hydrology, Shahrkord University, Shahrkord (In Persian)

Kowsar SA (1995) Forms for controlling floods and their optimal productivity flood irrigation and artificial nutrition. Tehran, Publications of Forestry and Rangeland Research Institute of Iran, 522p (In Persian)

Krishnamurthy J, Kumar N, Jayaraman V and Manivel M (1996) An approach to demarcate groundwater potential zones through remote sensing and a geographical information system. International Journal of Remote Sensing 17(10):1867-1884

Krishnamurthy J and Srinivas G (1995) Role of geological and geomorphological factors in groundwater exploration a study using IRS LISS Data. International Journal of Remote Sensing 16(14):2595-2618

Mahdavi A, Nouri Emamzadei MR, Mahdavi Najafabadi R and Tabatabaei SH (2011) Identification of artificial recharge sites using fuzzy logic in Shahrekord basin. Journal of Water and Soil Science 15(56):63-78 (In Persian)

Maleki Gezelbar B, Abghari H, Alijanpour A and Nadiri A (2015) Locating artificial nourishing of groundwater using analytical hierarchy process (Case study: Khoy Plain, West Azarbaijan Province). In: Proc. of 1st National Conference on Geography, Tourism, Natural Resources, and Sustainable Development, Tehran (In Persian)

Marinoni O (2004) Implementation of the analytical hierarchy process with VBA in ArcGIS. Computers & Geosciences 30(6):637-646

Mehrabi H, Zeinivand H and Hadidi M (2012) Site selection for groundwater artificial recharge in Silakhor Rangelands using GIS technique. Journal of Rangeland Science 2(4):687-695

Mehrvarz K and Kalantari Oskouei A (2007) Investigation of quaternary deposits suitable for floodwater spreading. In Proc. International Congress of River Basin Management, Antalya, 572-582

Ministry of Water Resources (2007) Manual on artificial recharge of groundwater. Government of India, 185p

Moradi M, Sadraddini AA, Nazemi AH and Rezazadeh P (2017) Investigation on quantitative changes of groundwater level of Khoy plain using Kriging statistical method. 2nd National Iranian Conference on Hydrology, Shahrekord University, Shahrekord (In Persian)

Morovati M, Monavari M, Farshchi P and Hassani AH (2009) Artificial recharge schemes for aquifers provide a suitable solution for increasing groundwater levels. Journal of Human and Environment 7:68-77 (In Persian)

Moslemi H, Abkar AJ and Choopani S (2015) Evaluation studies on the effect of flood spreading on the development of water resources. Journal of Rainwater Catchment Systems 3(3):73-91 (In Persian)

Mousavi SF, Chitsazan M, Mirzaei Y, Shaban M and Mohammadibehzad HR (2009) Integration of remote sensing and GIS in order to potential suitable areas for groundwater recharge. Case study: Kamestan anticline. In: Proc. of Geomatics Conference, Iran National Cartographic Center, Tehran (In Persian)

Nakhaei M, Vadiati M and EsmaeiliFalak M (2014) Groundwater qualitative zoning of Varamin plain for agricultural applications using analytical hierarchy process method in GIS. Iran-Water Resources Research 9(3):94-98 (In Persian)

Naseri HR, Azizkhani MJ and Maknouni S (2009) Integration of GIS and MCDM for selection of appropriate site for artificial recharge case study Chahderaz region Kerman province. Iranian Journal of Geology 3(10):97-105 (In Persian)

Nasiri H, Boloorani AD, Sabokbar HA, Jafari HR, Hamzeh M and Rafii Y (2013) Determining the most suitable areas for artificial groundwater recharge via an integrated AHP method in GIS environment a case study: Garabaygan basin, Iran. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment 185(1):707–718

Nassimi A and Zare M (2015) Site selection of basins for artificial recharge of groundwater in Boushkan Catchment based on analytical hierarchical process (AHP). Water and Soil Science 25(1):125-141 (In Persian)

Rahimi M, Solaimani K, Babaei K and Zandi J (2016) Site selection of suitable areas for artificial groundwater recharge using analytical hierarchical processing AHP in GIS: A case study Dehgolan plain. International Bulletin of Water Resources and Development 3(4):84-95

Rahimi S, Roodposhti MS and Abbaspour RA (2014) Using combined AHP genetic algorithm in artificial ground water recharge site selection of Gareh Bygone plain, Iran. Environmental Earth Sciences 72(6):1979-1992

Ramesht MH and Arab Ameri A (2013) Zoning watershed for artificial recharge of groundwater using AHP and GIS techniques. Geography and Planning 17(45):69-96 (In Persian)

Ramezani Mehrian M, Malekmohammadi B, Jafari HR and Rafii Y (2011) Site selection of the artificial groundwater recharge using multiple criteria decision making and geographic information system: Case study Hormozgan province Shemil Ashkara plain. Iranian Journal of Watershed Management Science and Engineering 5(14):1-10 (In Persian)

Ravishankar MN and Mohan G (2005) A GIS based hydro-geomorphic approach for identification of site specific artificial recharge techniques in the Deccan Volcanic province. Journal of Earth System Science 114(5):505-514

Riad PH, Billib M, Hassan AA, Salam MA and El Din MN (2011) Application of the overlay weighted model and Boolean logic to determine the best locations for artificial recharge of groundwater. Journal of Urban and Environmental Engineering 5(2):57-66

Saeed Moghaddam M, Espahbod MR, Rezaei F and Bouzari S (2016) Detection of potential zones for artificial recharge of aquifers using geographic information system GIS in Aleshtar plain. In: Proc. of the 34th National and the 2nd International Geosciences Congress, Geological Survey of Iran, Tehran (In Persian)

Saaty TL (2001) Making with dependence and feedback. 2nd ed., RWS Publication

Sabuki S, Kalantari N and Zarei M (2014) Locating of feasible artificial recharge sites using analytic hierarchy process AHP and GIS. 32nd National and the 1st International Geosciences Congress, Geological Survey & Mineral Exploration of Iran, Tehran Iran (In Persian)

Safai R (2007) Providing a groundwater mathematical model, Komijan Arak plain. Master's thesis, University of Tehran (In Persian)

Samadi J (2016) Site selection modeling for artificial recharge in Kashan aquifer using statistical methods, AHP and groundwater environmental considerations. Iran-Water Resources Research 12(1):84-94 (In Persian)

Saraf Ak and Choudhury PR (1998) Integrated remote sensing and GIS for groundwater exploration and identification of artificial recharge sites. International Journal of Remote Sensing 19(10):1825-1841

Senanayake IP, Dissanayake DM, Mayadunna BB and Weerasekera WL (2016) An approach to delineate groundwater recharge potential sites in Ambalantota, Sri Lanka using GIS techniques. Geoscience Frontiers 7(1):115-124

Shaeri AM and Rahmati AR (2012) Humans environmental laws regulation criteria and standards. Publications of IR Department of Environment, 336p (In Persian)

Shafiei M and Ghanbarzadeh Lak M (2018) Prioritizing artificial groundwater nourishing-flood spreading scenarios, based on analytical network process (ANP) (Case study: Khoy Plain Aquifer). Iran-Water Resources Research, 14(4): 140-159 (In Persian)

Shahidasht AR and Abasnejad A (2011) Survey of consequences of water table decline in Zarand plain and provision management remedies. IWRJ 4(7):119-124 (In Persian)

Vahabi J (2003) Analysis of flood spreading systems and introducing research needs. Journal of Pajouhesh and Sazandegi in Natural Resources 16(60):22-29 (In Persian)

Vaqharfard H and Moradi Dashtpagerdi M (2014) Delineation of groundwater recharge sites using GIS case study: Sefied Dasht. International Journal of Advanced Biological and Biomedical Research 2(5):1316-1324

Zakizadeh F and Malekinezhad H (2012) Locating suitable areas for flood spreading using GIS and Boolean mathematical model. 1st International Conference on Rain Water Catchment Systems, Agricultural Research and Training Center of Khorasan Razavi, Mashhad, 1-10 (In Persian)

Zarghaami M (2005) Uncertain criteria in ranking inter-basin water transfer projects in Iran. 73rd Annual Meeting of ICOLD, 1-6 May, Tehran, Iran Paper No:180-S1 (In Persian)