ازریابی و رتبه دهی ریسک های مشارکت های عمومی _خصوصی پروژه های تامین آب با استفاده از روش های FMEA و Fuzyy Synthetic Evaluation :مطالعه موردی استان قم

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشیار /گروه مهندسی صنایع، دانشکده فنی و مهندسی، دانشگاه قم

2 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد/ گروه مهندسی صنایع، دانشکده فنی و مهندسی، دانشگاه قم

چکیده

غالبا بودجه عمومی برای برای ساخت زیربناها، ساختمان ها و تأسیسات اقتصادی و اجتماعی مورد نیاز کشور کفایت نمی کند. دولت با ارائه پروژه های عمومی _خصوصی از سرمایه بخش خصوصی برای پیشبرد و تکمیل زیر ساخت های مورد نیاز استفاده می کند. در این پژوهش ما به ارزیابی و رتبه دهی ریسک های مشارکت های عمومی _خصوصی پروژه های تامین آب ایران پرداخته ایم . در ابتدا با توجه با ادبیات موضوع و تحقیقات انجام شده در داخل و خارج از کشور ، 39 عامل ریسک معرفی شدند. سپس با استفاده از روش FMEA ، اعداد اولویت ریسک آنها بدست آمد.پس از نرمال سازی 22 عامل به عنوان ریسک های بحرانی در نظر گرفته و در چهار زیر گروه تجربی ، حقوقی ،مالی و تکنیکی/فنی طبقه بندی شدند. پس از بررسی و محاسبه سطح کلی ریسک در هر زیر گروه با استفاده از روش Fuzyy Synthetic Evaluation ، زیر گروه تجربی به عنوان بحرانی ترین زیر گروه و به ترتیب زیر گروه های مالی ، حقوقی و تکنیکی/ فنی در اولویت های بعدی قرار گرفتند . سطح ریسک کل مشارکت های عمومی _خصوصی پروژه های آب در استان قم 6.19 بدست آمد که نشانگر سطح بالا و زیاد ریسک این پروژه ها در استان است.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Evaluation and Ranking of Public - Private Partnership Risk Factors in Water supply Projects, Using FMEA and Fuzzy Synthetic Evaluation Methods: A Case Study of Qom

نویسندگان [English]

  • J. Rezaeenour 1
  • M. Mousavi Saleh 2
1 Associate Professor, Department of Industrial Engineering, Faculty of Engineering and Technology, University of Qom, Qom, Iran.
2 Graduate Student, Department of Industrial Engineering, Faculty of Engineering and Technology, University of Qom, Qom, Iran
چکیده [English]

As a matter of fact, public funds are not considered to be sufficient and adequate enough for the construction of infrastructures, buildings and socio-economic facilities required by the country. By providing many public-private projects, the government uses the private organization's finance in order to develop and complete the required infrastructures. In this study, we are going to evaluate and rank the risk of public _private partnership in Iran’s water supply projects as discussed. At first, according to works and researchers did intra and internationally, 39 risk factors have been discovered. Then, using FMEA, risk priority number was obtained. After normalization process, 22 factors considered as critical risks have been classified into the following four subcategories such as experimental, legal, financial and technical/engineering. After analyzing and computing the overall level of risk in each subcategory by using Fuzzy Synthetic Evaluation method, the experimental subcategory found to be the most critical one and financial, legal and technical / engineering as the next priorities in respect. Finally, the overall risk level of public- private partnerships for water supply projects in Qom has been proved to be 6.19, which indicates a remarkable possibility of risk in these projects.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • public-private partnerships
  • water supply projects
  • Critical risks
  • FMEA and Fuzzy Synthetic Evaluation
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