ارزیابی پایداری زیست محیطی پروژه‌ی تغذیه مصنوعی کتویه (جنوب استان فارس)

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری آبخیزداری/ دانشگاه هرمزگان

2 دانشیار/ گروه مرتع و آبخیزداری دانشگاه هرمزگان

3 استادیار/ گروه مرتع و آبخیزداری دانشگاه هرمزگان

چکیده

در سال‌های اخیر با توجه به خشکسالی‌های متمادی‌، پروژه‌های تغذیه مصنوعی به عنوان یک راه‌حل برای جبران کم آبی‌ها شناخته می‌شوند که علی‌رغم اثر‌بخشی آنها در توسعه‌ی مناطق، اطلاعاتی درخصوص میزان نقش آن‌ها در پایداری محیط زیستی مناطق در دست نیست. در این پژوهش، پروژه تغذیه مصنوعی کتویه (‌لارستان – فارس) در دو زمان پیش و پس از اجرا (1397‌و 1388) و با روش سازمان جنگل‌ها، مراتع و آبخیزداری (نشریه 505) مورد ارزیابی محیط زیستی قرار گرفته است. بدین‌منظور چهار معیار و 18 شاخص (‌شش شاخص برای آب، پنج شاخص برای پوشش گیاهی، سه شاخص برای کاربری اراضی و چهار شاخص برای خاک) بر‌اساس نظر خبرگان، دسترسی به اطلاعات در بازه‌ها‌ی زمانی مورد مطالعه و نیز همخوانی شاخص‌ها با وضعیت زیست‌محطیی منطقه‌ انتخاب شدند. برای وزن‌دهی به معیارها نیز از نظرات خبرگان در چارچوب روش دلفی و گلوله‌برفی استفاده گردید. نتایج نشان داد پایداری توسعه منطقه از بُعد محیط زیستی پس از اجرای پروژه، تغییر قابل‌توجهی نسبت به پیش از اجرای آن کرده و منطقه از درجه پایداری متوسط در پیش از اجرای پروژه به درجه پایداری خوب در زمان پس از اجرای پروژه رسیده است. البته این ارتقاء درجه پایداری با یک شیب ملایم صورت پذیرفته است. لذا می‌توان چنین نتیجه‌گیری نمود که ساخت پروژه تغذیه مصنوعی توانسته است درجه پایداری محیط زیستی منطقه را ارتقاء بخشد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Assessment of environmental sustainability of Katuyeh artificial recharge project (southern Fars province)

نویسندگان [English]

  • Hassan Moghim 1
  • Hannaneh Mohammadi kangarani 2
  • Arashk Holisaz 3
1 PhD student of Watershed Management, University of Hormozgan, Iran
2 Associate Professor, Department of Range and Watershed Management University of Hormozgan, Iran
3 Assistant Associate Professor, Department of Range and Watershed Management, University of Hormozgan, Iran
چکیده [English]

In recent years, due to frequent droughts and water scarcity, artificial recharge projects are recognized as an operational solution to overcome the water scarcity. Despite the effectiveness of such projects to develop region, there is no information about their impact on the environmental sustainability. In this research, the artificial recharge project of Katuyeh (Larestan- Fars) has been ecologically evaluated by the forest, rangeland and watershed management method over two different periods (i.e. before and after implementation of the project, 2009-2016). For this purpose, 4 criteria and 18 indicators (six water indicators, five vegetation cover indicators, three land use indicators and, four soil indicators) were selected based on experts’ opinions, data availability and consistency of the indicators with the ecological condition of the region. In order to weighing the criteria, expert's opinions were used in Delphi method and Snowball framework. The results showed that the sustainability of the development of the region from environmental view after the implementation of the project has changed significantly before its implementation, the region with a moderate degree of sustainability before implementation of the project has achieved a good degree of sustainability at the time after the implementation of the project. The sustainability upgrade has been made with a slight slope.Therefore,it can be concluded that the construction of the artificial recharge project has been able to improve the environmental sustainability of the area.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Sustainability Assessment
  • Issue505
  • Artificial recharge
  • Environment
  • Indicator
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