توسعه مدل عامل بنیان جهت احیای منابع آب زیرزمینی با رویکرد مشارکتی: مطالعه موردی دشت شبستر-صوفیان

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری مهندسی عمران- آب/دانشکده مهندسی عمران، دانشگاه تبریز.

2 استاد/ گروه مهندسی آب، دانشکده مهندسی عمران و پژوهشکده محیط زیست دانشگاه تبریز.

چکیده

اتکای بخش های زیادی از کشور بر منابع آب زیرزمینی از یک طرف و افت روزافزون سطح تراز ایستابی آبخوان ها از طرف دیگر اهمیت توجه به این بخش از منابع آب را بیش از پیش افزایش داده است. به دلیل پیچیدگی های سیستم های اجتماعی-زیست محیطی مرتبط با منابع آب زیرزمینی، نیاز به استفاده از ابزارهایی است که بتواند این پیچیدگی ها را در قالب روابط عامل های موثر مدل نماید. مدل سازی عامل بنیان، شبیه سازی کامپیوتری با رویکردی جامع نگر از ذینفعان یا همان عامل هایی است که با یکدیگر و با محیط خود بر اساس اصول رفتاری خاص تعامل می کنند. در این مقاله، با کاربرد مدل سازی عامل بنیان رفتار کشاورزان، عوامل نهادی موثر، آبخوان و نیز روابط آن ها در دشت شبستر-صوفیان با مشارکت ذینفعان از طریق به کارگیری مصاحبه ها و پرسش نامه های نیمه ساختاریافته مدل شده است. نتایج بررسی اجرای پنج سناریوی نمونه نشان می دهد در صورت هماهنگی مناسب نهادها و جلب مشارکت کشاورزان، ضمن افزایش درآمد کشاورزان، می توان در طول 10 سال، 202 میلیون مترمکعب از برداشت چاه ها را کاهش داده و در نتیجه حدود 40 درصد بیلان منفی آبخوان را جبران نمود. با استفاده از این مدل می توان فهم مناسب تری از سیستم پیچیده مدیریت منابع آب زیرزمینی به دست آورده، مشارکت ذینفعان را جلب کرده و با تعریف سناریوها در فرآیندی مشارکتی، به راهکارهای بهتر در فرآیند تصمیم گیری دست یافت.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

An Agent-Based Model to Improve Groundwater Resources Conditions with a Participatory Approach in the Shabestar-Sofian Plain

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mohammad Javad Anbari 1
  • Mahdi Zarghami 2
1 PhD Candidate, Department of Water Resources Engineering, School of Civil Engineering, University of Tabriz, Tabriz, Iran.
2 Professor, Department of Water Resources Engineering, School of Civil Engineering and Institute of Environment, University of Tabriz, Tabriz, Iran.
چکیده [English]

Regarding the supply of large amount of water demand from groundwater resources on the one hand, and increasing water level drop of the aquifers on the other hand, the importance of groundwater resources management is significantly increasing. Due to the complexities in the socio-ecological systems related to the groundwater resources, there is a need for tools to model these complexities in the form of effective agents’ relations. Agent-based modeling (ABM) is a computer simulation with a comprehensive approach of stakeholders, or agents that interact with each other and with their environment based on certain behavioral principles. In this paper, farmers, effective institutional agents and aquifer behaviors and their interactions in the Shabestar-Sofian plain is modeled using ABM with stakeholder participation through interviews and semi-structured questionnaires. The results of the implementation of five sample scenarios show that if the institutions are properly coordinated and the participation of farmers is attracted, it could be possible to reduce 202 million cubic meters of wells extraction over 10 years, in addition to increasing the income of farmers simultaneously and to compensate about 40 percent of negative groundwater balance. Using this model, a better understanding of the sophisticated system of groundwater resources management can be obtained, stakeholder participation can be attracted, and by defining scenarios in a participatory process, better solutions can be achieved in the decision-making process.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Agent-based modeling
  • Groundwater resources management
  • Water Governance
  • Social-ecological
  • Shabestar-Sofian aquifer
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