استخراج و وزن دهی شاخص های معرف اصول حکمرانی آب کشاورزی در شبکه های آبیاری و زهکشی خوزستان

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری منابع آب، دانشکده مهندسی علوم آب، دانشگاه شهید چمران اهواز.

2 گروه هیدرولوژی و منابع آب دانشکده مهندسی علوم آب دانشگاه شهید چمران اهواز

3 استادیار بخش تحقیقات اقتصادی، اجتماعی و ترویجی- مرکز تحقیقات و آموزش کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی فارس

4 استاد گروه آبیاری وزهکشی، دانشکده مهندسی علوم آب، دانشگاه شهید چمران اهواز.

چکیده

اصول شفافیت، مشارکت، پایداری، استاندارد‌سازی، نظارت و اثربخشی به عنوان اصول اساسی حکمرانی خوب در مدیریت منابع آب می باشند. در این تحقیق ابتدا، استخراج شاخص‌های معرف اصول حکمرانی آب کشاورزی در استان خوزستان با استفاده از روش دلفی در دستور کار قرار گرفت. سپس وزن هر یک از شاخص‌های استخراج شده، با استفاده از مدل بردار ویژه محاسبه گردید. داده‌های مورد نیاز با طراحی پرسشنامه‌های تخصصی و با استفاده از نظرات متخصصین آب و خاک استان خوزستان به دست آمد. بر اساس نتایج مطالعه، 16 شاخص به عنوان شاخص‌های معرف اصول حکمرانی آب استخراج شدند. همچنین نتایج نشان داد، شاخص‌های مدیریت منابع آب از اصل شفافیت، خودگردانی نظام بهره‌برداری آب کشاورزی از اصل مشارکت و آماده بکار بودن پمپ‌ها از اصل استاندارد‌سازی با مقادیر عددی 211/0، 155/0 و100/0 دارای بیشترین وزن و شاخص‌های دور آبیاری از اصل پایداری، کارایی مدیریت برق تأسیسات از اصل استاندارد‌سازی و نرخ نزاع آبیاری از اصل نظارت، با مقادیر عددی 017/0 ، 019/0 و 027/0 کمترین وزن را به خود اختصاص دادند. از طرفی دیگر، مجموع مقادیر عددی وزن شاخص‌ها نشان می دهد که در مدیریت منابع آب شبکه‌های آبیاری و زهکشی خوزستان، اصول شفافیت، مشارکت و استاندارد‌سازی در مقایسه با اصول پایداری، نظارت و اثربخشی، بیشتر مورد توجه متخصصین علوم آب وخاک این استان، قرار گرفته است.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Extraction and Weighing of Indicators Representing the Principles of Agricultural Water Governance in Irrigation and Drainage Networks of Khuzestan

نویسندگان [English]

  • Adel Dahimavi 1
  • Ali mohammad Akhundali 2
  • Abdoulrasool shirvanian 3
  • Saeid Boroomand Nasab 4
1 Phd Student of Hydrology and Water Resources, Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz, Iran
2 Professor, Faculty of Water Sciences Engineering, Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz, Iran.
3 Assistant Professor of Economic, Social and Promotional Studies, Fares Center for Agricultural Research, Natural Resources and Education
4 Professor, Faculty of Water Sciences Engineering, Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz, Iran
چکیده [English]

TrTransparency, participation, sustainability, standardization, monitoring and effectiveness are the fundamental principles of good governance in resource management. In the present study, the extraction of indices representing the principles of agricultural water governance in irrigation and drainage networks of Khuzestan was examined using the Delphi method. The weight of each of the indices was then calculated using the special vector. The required data was obtained through designing some specialized questionnaires and also sharing the views from Khuzestan province water and Soil specialists. Drawing upon the results of the study, 16 indicators were identified as the indicators of the water governance principles. The results showed that in the special vector method of water resources' management indicators of transparency principle, self-regulation of agricultural water utilization system of participation principle and ready-made pumps with numerical values of standardization principle of 0.211, 0.155 and 0.100 had the highest weight, irrigation intervals of sustainability principle, efficiency of electrical facilities of standardization principle and rate of irrigation quarrel of monitoring principle with numerical values of 0.017, 0.019 and 0.027 had the lowest weight. On the other hand, the total numerical values of the indicators indicate that the principles of transparency, participation and standardization in the management of water resources for irrigation and drainage networks in Khuzestan have attracted more attention from the water and soil experts of Khuzestan province compared to the principles of sustainability, monitoring and effectiveness.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Special Vector
  • Good Governance
  • Delphi method
  • Indicator
  • Water Resources Management

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