تاثیرپذیری تراز آب زیرزمینی از پدیده انسو مطالعه موردی (هرمزگان و اصفهان)

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 عضو هیات علمی دانشگاه ملایر

2 دانشگاه ملایر

چکیده

در این مطالعه به بررسی اثر پدیده انسو بر تغییرات تراز آب زیرزمینی ماهانه 22 چاه پیزومتری واقع در دو استان اصفهان و هرمزگان پرداخته شد. نتایج نشان داد که از بین 10 شاخص مختلف انسو، بیشترین همبستگی تراز آب زیرزمینی استان هرمزگان و اصفهان به‌ترتیب به شاخص نوسان شمالی (NOI) و شاخص چند متغیره انسو (MEI) تعلق داشت. به‌طوری که درصد چاه‌های دارای همبستگی‌ معنی‌دار تراز آب زیرزمینی با شاخص MEI در استان اصفهان برابر 26 درصد و در استان هرمزگان با لحاظ شاخص NOI برابر 55 درصد بود. مقایسه مقدار همبستگی تراز آب زیرزمینی چاه‌های پیزومتری هر استان با فازهای ال‌نینو و لانینا نشان داد که اثر فاز ال‌نینو بر تغییرات تراز آب زیرزمینی هر دو استان بیش از فاز لانینا بود. به‌گونه‌ای که در هر دو استان تعداد ایستگاه‌های دارای همبستگی معنی‌دار تراز آب زیرزمینی با فاز ال‌نینو به‌مراتب بیش از فاز لانینا بود. در استان اصفهان، اثر فاز ال‌نینو بر تغییرات تراز آب زیرزمینی بیش از استان هرمزگان مشاهده گردید (64 درصد در مقابل 36 درصد). نتایج بررسی درصد تغییرات تراز آب زیرزمینی چاه‌های پیزومتری هر استان در فاز لانینا نسبت به فاز ال‌نینو نیز بیان‌گر عدم وجود رفتار هماهنگ و مشابه در ایستگاه‌های مورد مطالعه بود.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Effect of Enso Phenomenon on Groudwater Table (Case Study: Esfahan and Hormozgan)

نویسنده [English]

  • parisa gheysari 2
2 malayer university
چکیده [English]

In this study, the effect of ENSO on groundwater table changes of 22 piezometers wells located in Esfahan and Hormozgan provinces was evaluated. The results showed that from between 10 ENSO indexes, the maximum correlation of groundwater table of Esfahan and Hormozgan belonged to Pacific North American Index (NOI) andMultivariable Enso Index (MEI). So that, the percentage of wells that had significant correlation between groundwater table with MEI in Esfahan was 26% and in Hormozgan with NOI was 55 %. The comparison of correlation values of groundwater table in each province with El Nino aand La Nina phases indicated that the effect of El Nino phase on groundwater table in each two provinces was more than La Nina phase. As, in each two provinces, the number of stations with significant correlation in El Nino phase was more than La Nina phase. In Esfahan province, the effect of El Nino phase on groundwater table changes was more than Hormozgan province (64 % in contrast 36 %). The results of groundwater table changes percentage of each province in La Nina to El Nino phase illustrated that there was not similar and match behavior in study stations.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • El Nino
  • Groundwater Table
  • NOI
  • MEI
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