تحلیل روانشناسی محیط‏زیستی رفتار مشارکت‎گرایانه کشاورزان در حفاظت از آب

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانش‌‌آموخته کارشناسی‌ارشد گروه ترویج و آموزش کشاورزی، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه تربیت مدرس، تهران، ایران.

2 استادیار گروه ترویج و آموزش کشاورزی، داشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه تربیت مدرس، تهران، ایران.

3 استادیار گروه ترویج و آموزش کشاورزی، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه تربیت مدرس، تهران، ایران.

چکیده

یکی از راهکارهای خروج از بحران آب "توأم ساختن راهکارهای فناورانه با راهبرهای اجتماعی ـ رفتاری" است تا به این واسطه، تغییرات زیربنایی در راستای حفاظت منابع آب در افراد جامعه ایجاد شود. بر این اساس، هدف این پژوهش، تحلیل روانشناسی محیط‏زیستی از رفتار مشارکت‎گرایانه کشاورزان در حفاظت از آب بود. این مطالعه از نوع پژوهش‏های "کاربردی" و "توصیفی ـ همبستگی" است. ابزار پژوهش، پرسشنامه‏‏ای بود که روایی آن با استفاده از نظرات پانلی از متخصصان ترویج و آموزش کشاورزی و کارشناسان آب و پایایی با استفاده از آزمون‏ آلفای کرونباخ (90/0≥α≥75/0) مورد تأیید قرار گرفت. جامعه‎ی آماری، شامل 23750 نفر از کشاورزان جنوب حوزه آبریز دریاچه ارومیه بود که 378 نفر از آنها با استفاده از جدول کرجسی و مورگان با روش نمونه‎گیری تصادفی طبقه‎ای با انتساب متناسب انتخاب شدند. یافته‎های تحلیل رگرسیونی نشان دادند که کشاورزان دارای ارزش‏های فردگرایانه، رفتارهای مشارکت‎گرایانه کمتری نسبت به کشاورزان دارای ارزش‏های جمع‎گرایانه در راستای حفاظت از منابع آب از خود نشان می‏دهند. فزون بر این، این دو متغیر توانستند، 5/32 درصد از تغییرات رفتار حفاظت آب مشارکت‎گرایانه را پیش‏بینی کنند. نتایج حاصل از آزمون t هم نمایانگر آن بود که میان دو گروه از کشاورزانی که در کلاس‎های آموزشی مرتبط با موضوع آب شرکت کرده بودند و آنهایی که در چنین کلاس‎های شرکت نکرده بودند، از لحاظ رفتار حفاظت از آب مشارکت‏گرایانه تفاوت معنی‏دار وجود دارد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

An Environmental Psychological Analysis of Farmers' Participatory-Oriented Behavior toward Water Conservation

نویسندگان [English]

  • N. Valizadeh 1
  • M. Bijani 2
  • E. Abbasi 3
1 Former M.Sc. Student, Department of Agricultural Extension and Education, College of Agriculture, Tarbiat Modares University (TMU), Tehran, Iran.
2 Assistant Professor of Agricultural Extension and Education Department of Agricultural Extension and Education College of Agriculture Tarbiat Modares University (TMU) Tehran, Iran
3 Assistant Professor, Department of Agricultural Extension and Education, College of Agriculture, Tarbiat Modares University (TMU), Tehran, Iran.
چکیده [English]

“Combining the technological and social-behavioral solutions: is one of the most important exit strategies in the water crisis that can be useful in creating infrastructural changes in society members towards water resources conversation. Accordingly, the purpose of this study was to analyze farmers' participatory-oriented water conservation behavior (FPOWCB) in the environmental psychological background. The study was a descriptive-correlational research. The research instrument was a questionnaire which its validity confirmed by a panel of agricultural extension and education specialists and water experts and its reliability verified using Cronbach's alpha coefficients (0.75≤α≤0.90). The statistical population was farmers in southern part of Urmia Lake's catchment area (N= 23750) that 378 farmers were selected as a sample using Krejcie and Morgan sample size Table and stratified random sampling method. Regression analysis findings revealed that farmers with individualistic values show fewer participatory-oriented behavior toward water resources conservation than whom with collectivist values. Moreover, these two variables could predict 32.5% of changing FPOWCB. The result of independent t test showed there is a significant difference in terms of FPOWCB between two groups of farmers who participated in training courses related to water issues and those who had not participated in such classes.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • "Participatory-oriented behavior"
  • "Water conservation"
  • "Environment psychology"
  • "Farmers"
  • "Southern part of Urmia Lake"

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