ارزیابی ظرفیت یادگیری اجتماعی سیستم نهادی از منظر حلقه‌های یادگیری در سطح آب‌بران، مطالعه موردی: محدوده مطالعاتی رفسنجان

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد/ مهندسی منابع آب، دانشگاه تربیت مدرس، تهران، ایران

2 استادیار /گروه مهندسی منابع آب، دانشگاه تربیت مدرس، تهران، ایران.

3 استادیار /گروه اقتصاد کشاورزی، دانشگاه فردوسی مشهد، ایران

چکیده

تداوم مشکلات بوجود آمده در مدیریت یکپارچه منابع آب و عدم انعطاف‌پذیری این رویکرد در مواجهه با این مشکلات باعث گردید تا موضوعاتی مانند حکمرانی آب، مدیریت تطبیقی - مشارکتی و به‌طور ویژه یادگیری اجتماعی به‌عنوان مفاهیم جدیدی از مسائل آبی مورد توجه قرار بگیرند. آن نوع از یادگیری را که توسط گروه‌های اجتماعی در خلال تعامل باهم رخ داده و به‌سمت دانش جدید، فهم مشترک، اعتماد و درنهایت اقدامات جمعی سوق پیدا می‌کند، به نام یادگیری اجتماعی تعریف می‌کنند. در این تحقیق از حلقه‌های یادگیری، که ابزار ویژه یادگیری اجتماعی هستند، برای ارزیابی ساختار حکمرانی و مدیریت منابع آب در دشت رفسنجان در سطح آب‌بران استفاده شده است. نتایج حکایت از بحران شدید در منطقه از منظر منابع آب زیرزمینی داشت. برای شناسایی بازیگران از روش گلوله برفی استفاده گردید. در مرحله آخر نیز برای ارزیابی حلقه‌های یادگیری با توجه به بازیگران شناسایی شده از روش مصاحبه نیمه‌ساختاریافته برای جمع‌آوری داده استفاده شد. منطقه‌ی مورد مطالعه به پنج زیر منطقه تقسیم شد و نتایج براساس هرکدام از زیرمناطق پنج‌گانه موجود در دشت رفسنجان تحلیل شدند. نتایج نشان می‌دهند که حلقه‌ی غالب یادگیری در بین کشاورزان مناطق نوق و انار از نوع حلقه‌ی دوگانه و حلقه‌ی غالب در بین کشاورزان مناطق کشکوییه، کبوترخان و رفسنجان از نوع حلقه‌ی یگانه یادگیری بود. ارزیابی حلقه‌های یادگیری نشان می‌دهد که دشت رفسنجان برای سازگاری با پدیده کمبود آب نیاز به تغییرات ساختاری دارد و مسیر فعلی که ساختار موجود طی می‌کند به‌سوی از بین رفتن کلی منابع آب این دشت می‌باشد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Assessment of Institutional Social Learning Capacity with a Reference to Learning Loops in the Level of Agricultural Water Users, Case Study: Rafsanjan Study Area

نویسندگان [English]

  • S Moghimi Benhangi 1
  • A Bagheri 2
  • L Abolhassani 3
1 Department of Water Resources Engineering, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran
2 Department of Water Resources Engineering, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran
3 Department of Agricultural Economics, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Iran
چکیده [English]

Persistence of water problems from one side, and inflexibility of the IWRM approach in dealing with those problems from the other side in recent years, have led to development of new approaches such as water governance, adaptive co-management, and especially social learning. Social learning is defined as learning by social groups as a result of their interactions towards new knowledge, common understanding, and trust, which is eventually led to the collective efforts and actions. This paper relies on the concept of triple loops of learning to assess the context of water resources governance and management in the Rafsanjan plain in the level of “Agricultural Water Users”. The findings show that the area confronts with a severe groundwater crisis. Snowball sampling has been used to identify main actors. To gather the required data, semi-structured interviews were implemented for data collecting. The area was studied in five sub-areas. The results show that the dominant learning loop between farmers of Nuq District and Anar County was a double loop learning (of course oriented towards deterioration of the groundwater resource, while the dominant learning loop between farmers of Koshkuiyeh and Kabutar Khan District and Rafsanjan County was a single loop learning to follow the same attitude of provision with water for agriculture. The assessment of social learning loops indicated that structural changes were needed in Rafsanjan Plain to adapt to water scarcity. Following the current trend of groundwater over-exploitation can result in a tragedy of commons.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Water Resources Management
  • Social Learning
  • Triple Loops of learning
  • Rafsanjan Plain
  • water crisis

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