مروری بر چالش‌های استفاده از مدل‌های عامل‌بنیان در سیستم‌های منابع آب

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری /مهندسی منابع آب گروه مهندسی آبیاری و آبادانی، پردیس کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی دانشگاه تهران، کرج، ایران

2 دانشیار گروه مهندسی آبیاری و آبادانی- پردیس کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی- دانشگاه تهران- کرج- ایران

چکیده

بازیگران، نقش قابل توجهی در پایداری سیستم‌های منابع آب دارند. اهمیت نقش بازیگران، لزوم در نظر گرفتن و مدل‌سازی این سیستم‌ها را از دیدگاه اجتماعی-اکولوژیکی روشن می‌سازد. مدل‌های عامل‌بنیان ابزاری قدرتمند در زمینه مدل‌سازی سیستم‌های اجتماعی-اکولوژیکی هستند که در سال‌های اخیر، استفاده از آن در زمینه‌های مختلف و به خصوص مدیریت منابع آب افزایش قابل توجهی داشته است. در این مقاله ضمن معرفی کلی رویکرد مدل‌سازی عامل‌بنیان، به بررسی چهار چالش اصلی پیش رو در زمینه مدل‌سازی سیستم‌های پیچیده منابع آب پرداخته شده است: طراحی رفتار عامل‌ها؛ برقراری ارتباط بین بخش اجتماعی و اکولوژیکی؛ مکانی کردن مدل؛ کالیبراسیون، صحت‌سنجی و اعتبارسنجی. با توجه به این که بخش کشاورزی عمده‌ترین مصرف‌کننده منابع آب به حساب می‌آید، در این مقاله سعی گردید تا از تحلیل مقاله‌های معتبر و با ارجاعات بالا در همین زمینه، برای روشن ساختن چالش‌های پیش رو و ایجاد نگرشی صحیح در رابطه با بکارگیری این مدل‌ها در زمینه مدیریت منابع آب استفاده گردد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

A Review on Challenges in Application of Agent-based Models in Water Resources Systems

نویسندگان [English]

  • S Lotfi 1
  • Sh Araghinejad 2
1 PhD Candidate of Water Resources Engineering, Department of Irrigation and Reclamation Engineering, University of Tehran, Karaj, Iran
2 Associate Professor, Department of Irrigation and Reclamation Engineering, University of Tehran, Karaj, Iran
چکیده [English]

Actors, have a great role in sustaining water resources systems. The importance of actors’ role, indicates the necessity for considering and modeling these systems from social-ecological aspect. Agent-based models are powerful tools in modeling social-ecological systems which their application in different fields, especially water resources management has increased significantly in recent years. In this paper, besides the general introduction of agent-based modeling approach, four main challenges in modeling water resources systems have been discussed: Designing agents’ behaviors; linking social and ecological sections; spatial representation; calibration, verification and validation. As agricultural sector is the main user of water resources, in this paper, valid papers, with high citations, were analyzed to clarify the challenges and build a correct approach toward application of these models in water resources management field... .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . .

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Agent-based modeling
  • Agent
  • Water resource system
  • Social-ecological
  • Modeling challenges

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