ارزیابی و بهبود الگوریتم تشخیص پوشش سطح برف از تصاویر سنجنده MODIS

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانش‌آموخته کارشناسی ارشد /مدیریت منابع آب. دانشکده مهندسی عمران.دانشگاه صنعتی خواجه نصیرالدین طوسی

2 استادیار /گروه مدیریت منابع آب.دانشکده مهندسی عمران.دانشگاه صنعتی خواجه نصیرالدین

چکیده

اطلاعات از پوشش برف به عنوان یکی از منابع تامین آب‌های زیرزمینی، شرب و کشاورزی برای مدیریت بهینه منابع آبی اهمیت بسزایی دارد. از جمله منابع اطلاعاتی مهم برای شناسایی سطح برف، تصاویر ماهواره‌ای سنجنده MODIS است که محصول سطح برف به صورت منظم از آن‌ها تولید می‌گردد. هدف این پژوهش ارتقاء دقت الگوریتم شناسایی سطح برف از تصاویر MODIS با بهره‌گیری از تصحیح توپوگرافی و آستانه‌گذاری دمای سطحی است. در این راستا، شمال‌غرب کشور به عنوان محدوده پایلوت انتخاب و به دلیل عدم جمع‌آوری داده‌های سطح برف، تصاویر Landsat 8 بعنوان داده واقعیت زمینی برگزیده شد. 5 تصویر تقریباً همزمان MODIS و Landsat 8 مناسب در سال‌های 2014 تا 2015 تهیه و از هر تصویر MODIS تعداد 5 نمونه 10000 پیکسلی انتخاب و سه الگوریتم پیاده‌سازی گردید. الگوریتم اول با روش محصول برف MODIS به متوسط قدر مطلق خطاهای نسبی 3.44 درصد رسید. در الگوریتم دوم تصحیح توپوگرافی موجب بهبود این مقدار به 2.25 گردید. الگوریتم سوم مؤید تاثیر اعمال حد آستانه دمای سطح زمین بود که با برگزیدن آستانه k 278، متوسط قدر مطلق خطاهای نسبی 2.58 گردید. بنابراین نتایج نشان دهنده کارایی الگوریتم‌های ارائه شده در این تحقیق نسبت به روش استاندارد در مناطق مورد مطالعه بود.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Evaluation and improvement of snow cover detection from MODIS images

نویسندگان [English]

  • M. Tasdighian 1
  • M. Rahimzadegan 2
1 K. N. Toosi University of Technology
2 Assistant Professor, Water Resources Department, Civil Engineering Faculty, K. N. Toosi University of Technology, No. 1346, Vali Asr Street, Mirdamad Intersection, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

Information from snow cover as one of the major resources of the groundwater, drinking and agriculture water has a significant importance in water resources management. One of the important sources of data for snow cover detection are the MODIS satellite images, which snow products were produced using them routinely. This research aims to improve the snow cover detection algorithm of MODIS using topography correction and Land Surface Temperature thresholding. In this regard, Northwestern part of Iran was selected as a pilot area, and because of the lack of field snow area data, Landsat 8 images were chosen as ground truth. Five appropriate simultaneous MODIS and Landsat 8 images in 2014 and 2015 years were prepared and 5 samples with 10000 pixels in each MODIS image were selected and three algorithms were implemented. The first one with MODIS snow product method was achieved to the mean absolute relative error of 3.44 percent. In the second algorithm topographic correction was implemented which the error was 2.25 percent. The third algorithm investigated land surface temperature thresholding effect, which in the best value of LST with considering 278 K threshold yielded to mean absolute relative error of 2.58 percent. Hence, results indicate proficiency of the provided algorithms in the study area, comparing with the standard method.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • MODIS images
  • Landsat 8 images
  • Snow cover area
  • Land surface Temperature
  • topographic correction
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