بهینه سازی و مدل سازی تلفیقی هیدرولیک و منابع آب پروژه انتقال آب بین حوضه ای با استفاده از برنامه ریزی پویا اصلاح شده (مورد مطالعاتی: فلات مرکزی ایران)

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجو دکتری /سازه های آبی .دانشگاه لرستان و هیئت علمی دانشگاه آزاد .واحد سیرجان

2 استادیار/ گروه مهندسی آب. دانشگاه لرستان

3 دانشیار/ گروه مهندسی آب .دانشگاه لرستان

4 استادیار /گروه مهندسی آب .دانشگاه لرستان

چکیده

از آنجایی که پراکنش منابع آب و نزولات در جهان متناسب نمی‌باشد، انتقال بین حوضه‌ای آب در قالب طرح‌های آبی برای جمع‌آوری، انتقال و ایجاد کیفیت مناسب برای توسعه موزون فعالیت‌های انسانی لازم است. از طرف دیگر در بحث مدیریت منابع آب علاوه بر بهره-برداری مخازن با مباحثی روبرو هستیم که همزمان بحث هیدرولیک و منابع آب در این شرایط مهم بوده و هر دو شرایط هیدرولیکی و هیدرولوژیکی برای مدل‌سازی جریان می‌بایست تواماً مورد بررسی قرار بگیرد. در این تحقیق سه سد (یلان، پشندگان و گوکان) و دو تونل انتقال برای انتقال آب از سد یلان به سد گوکان مورد استفاده قرار گرفته‌اند. به‌منظور مدل‌سازی و بهینه‌سازی این پروژه همزمان دو الگوریتم در محیط ویژوال بیسیک با یکدیگر و با نرم‌افزار Epanet بصورت دینامیکی ارتباط داشته و مدل منابع آب، هیدرولیک و برنامه‌ریزی پویا اصلاح شده را حل می‌کند. از آنجایی که انتقال آب در تونل‌ها به‌صورت تحت فشار می‌باشد و کل پروژه برای راندمان انتقال آب 95 درصد تعریف شده است، با افزایش ارتفاع هریک از سدها می‌بایست قطر تونل انتقال کاهش یابد تا بتواند راندمان مذکور را داشته باشد. نتایج تحقیق نشان می‌دهد ارتفاع‌های 37/148 و 36/59 متر بترتیب برای سد یلان و پشندگان و قطر تونل‌های 8/2 و 95/2 متر برای تونل‌های یلان – پشندگان و پشندگان – گوکان از نظر اقتصادی بهترین گزینه می‌باشند. از تحلیل اقتصادی موجود در برنامه‌ریزی پویا اصلاح شده هزینه کل پروژه با در نظر گرفتن راندمان انتقال 95 درصد برابر 69/5313 میلیار ریال برآورد شده است.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Optimization and Simulation of Integrated Hydraulic and Water Resources by Using Developed Dynamic Programming (Case Study: Central Plateau in Iran)

نویسندگان [English]

  • R. Mansouri 1
  • H. Torabi Pudeh 2
  • A. H Haghiabi 3
  • H. A Yonesi 4
1 Ph.D. Student, Water Engineering Department, Lorestan University and Scientific Board, Azad University, Sirjan Branch,
2 Assistant Professor, Water Engineering Department, Lorestan University
3 Associate Professor, Water Engineering Department, Lorestan University
4 Assistant Professor, Water Engineering Department, Lorestan University
چکیده [English]

The distribution of water resources and rainfall in the world is not same, inter-basin water transfer in the form of water projects for the collection, transmission and creation of appropriate quality for balanced development of human activity is necessary. On the other hand in the management of water resources in addition to the issues we face at the same time exploiting reservoirs with hydraulic and water resources were important and both hydraulic and hydrologic modeling flow conditions must be considered together. In this study, three dams (Yalan, Pashandegan and Gokan) and two water transfer tunnels were used for transferring water from Yalan dam to Gokan dam. For this project simulating and optimizing, two algorithms connected with together in visual Basic and linked dynamic with Epanet software and solve water resources model, hydraulic and dynamic programming. Since the water flow through the tunnel is under pressure, increasing dam height will cause the decrease of tunnel diameter for 95% water conveyance efficiency. The results showed that Yalan and Pashandegan dam with a height of 148.37 and 59.36 m, respectively, and Yalan-Pashandegan and Pashandegan -Gokan tunnel diameter with 2.8 and 2.95 m, respectively, were the most economically optimal combination for water transferring in this project that has 5313.69 million Rials costs.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Water resources planning
  • optimization
  • Simulation
  • Water Transfer Efficiency
  • Dynamic programming
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