تحلیل شبکه‌ای ساختار قدرت دست‌اندرکاران سازمانی مدیریت منابع آب دشت گرمسار

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری /بیابانزدایی دانشکده کویر شناسی دانشگاه سمنان

2 استادیار/دانشکده کویرشناسی دانشگاه سمنان- سمنان، ایران.

3 استادیار/ دانشکده کویرشناسی دانشگاه سمنان- سمنان، ایران

4 استادیار /دانشکده منابع طبیعی دانشگاه تهران- کرج، ایران

چکیده

شناخت دست‌اندرکاران سازمانی ، یکی از الزامات اجرایی نمودن برنامه‌ریزی‌ها و اعمال مدیریت مشارکتی منابع آب می‌باشد. بر اساس روش تحلیل شبکه می‌توان با نگاهی جامع‌نگر و قابل اندازه‌گیری الگوهای ساختاری ناشی از روابط متقابل دست‌اندرکاران مختلف را در یک نظام پیچیده و چندوجهی مورد مطالعه قرار داده و نقش آنها را برای استقرار نظام به هم پیوسته و مشارکتی منابع آب مورد بررسی قرار داد. این پژوهش با هدف بهره‌گیری از الگوی تحلیل شبکه‌ای برای شناخت ساختار قدرت و چگونگی توزیع آن به‌عنوان تابعی از روابط و چیدمان نهادهای دخیل در مدیریت منابع آب در دشت گرمسار صورت گرفته است. در این ارتباط، ابتدا تعداد 29 نهاد مرتبط با مدیریت منابع آب بر اساس مرزهای اکولوژیک و شبکه‌ای مورد شناسایی قرار گرفته و سپس از طریق مصاحبه‌های نیمه ساختاریافته، پیوند تبادل اطلاعات و همکاری مورد بررسی قرار گرفت. درنهایت بر اساس شاخص‌های مرکزیت درجه، مرکزیت بینابینی و مرکزیت بردار ویژه، و مرکزیت بتا، میزان قدرت، نفوذ و قابلیت کنترل هریک از دست‌اندرکاران در شبکه مشخص شد. نتایج این تحقیق، نشان‌دهنده نامتوازن بودن ساختار قدرت دست‌اندرکاران سازمانی برای استقرار نظام مدیریت مشارکتی منابع آب می‌باشد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Network analysis of organizational stakeholders on water resource management in Garmsar plain

نویسندگان [English]

  • V. Jafarian 1
  • M. Yazdani 2
  • M. Rahimi 3
  • M. Ghorbani 4
1 Ph.D. Student of Combat Desertification, Semnan University, Semnan, Iran
2 Assistant Professor, Faculty of Desert Studies, Semnan University, Semnan, Iran.
3 Professor, Faculty of Desert Studies, Semnan University, Semnan, Iran.
4 Assistant Professor, Faculty of Natural Resources, University of Tehran, Karaj, Iran
چکیده [English]

In participatory approach of water resources management, understanding organizational stakeholders can be consider as one of the fundamental requirements. Stakeholders network analysis method as a comprehensive and analytical approach can reveal role and situation of stakeholder and allows us to study how patterns of relations and interactions among various stakeholders in a multi-actor and multi-purpose system, can influence and frame activities and outcomes of water resource management. This study aims to analyze network data exchange between organizations involved in Garmsar plain water resources management in Semnan province. In this regard, first of all 29 institutions related to water resources management identified based on ecological and network bunderis and then through semi-structured interviews, exchange of information and cooperation ties among stakeholders was calculated based on degree centrality, eigenvector centrality and beta centrality which represents the highest power and fame, influence and potential control of each organization in the water resource management network. The results showed the imbalance of power structures among stakeholders for establish water resources participatory management in the study site.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Network analysis
  • organizational stakeholders
  • participatory water resources management
  • Power structure
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