بازتعریف مؤلفه‌های امنیت آبی

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار گروه مهندسی و مدیریت آب، دانشگاه تربیت مدرس

2 دانش‌آموخته کارشناسی ارشد مدیریت منابع آب

چکیده

اهمیت سیاست‌گذاری در حوزه «امنیت آبی» از یک سو و درهم‌تنیدگی امنیت انسانی و آبی از سویی دیگر، سبب شده است که درک و شناختِ جامع و صحیح از مفهوم «امنیت آب» به‌عنوان اولین و یکی از مهم‌ترین مراحل فرآیند سیاست‌گذاری آبی از ضرورت جدی برخوردار گردد. تاکنون عمده تحلیل‌های صورت گرفته مربوط به امنیت آب و سیاست‌گذاریِ کلان در این حوزه، تنها به تدوین شاخص‌های عینی محدود شده‌اند. برای پاسخ به این ضرورت، این مقاله تلاش دارد با مرور مطالعات صورت گرفته در حوزه امنیت و با استفاده از روش توصیفی-تحلیلی و استناد به منابع کتابخانه‌ای به بازتعریف مؤلفه‌‌های امنیت آبی و جهت‌دهیِ صحیحِ به سیاست‌گذاری در این حوزه بپردازد. نتایج این مطالعه نشان می‌دهند که نیل به امنیت آبی در گرو لحاظ ابعاد اجتماعی-سیاسی-فرابخشی در کنار ابعاد عینی در سیاست‌گذاری آب است و تبیین مؤلفه‌های امنیت آبی، نیازمند شناخت و درک توأمان ماهیت مفهوم «امنیت» و ذات منابع «آب» است. بر این اساس، مقالۀ حاضر به بازتعریف مؤلفه‌‌های امنیت آب با مد نظر قرار دادن 1) هویت‌های برسازنده و شکل‌دهنده به مناسبات آبی، 2) خواسته‌ها، داشته‌ها و ضریب ایدئولوژی ذی‌مدخلان، 3) فرآیند امنیتی‌سازی یا امنیتی‌زدایی شدنِ طرح‌ها و اقدامات آبی برای جلوگیری از سیاسی شدن آن‌ها و 4) همبست آب-غذا-انرژی می‌پردازد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Reframing Water Security Components

نویسندگان [English]

  • Hojjat Mianabadi 1
  • Seyedeh Zahra Ghoreishi 2
1 Assistant Professor, Department of Water Engineering and Management
2 M.Sc. Graduate of Water Management
چکیده [English]

The importance of policy making in achieving "water security" on the one hand and complexity of human and water security, on the other hand, have raised the necessity of a comprehensive understanding of the "water security" concept as the first and one of the most significant steps of water policy making process.  So far, most of the analyzes related to water security and water policy making have been limited to the development of objective dimensions. To address this limitation, this article tries to redefine the concept of water security with fundamental-theoretical research, using the descriptive-analytical method. Results showed that in addition to the objective dimensions, it is necessary to pay attention to social, political, and cross-sectoral dimensions. Accordingly, this paper reframes the components of water security with consideration, 1) constructed identities in water relations, 2) the importance of the ideology of stakeholders, 3) identifying securitization and desecuritization of water projects and taking actions against associated politicizing, and 4) the importance of water-food-energy nexus.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • identity
  • Ideology
  • Securitization
  • desecuritization
  • Water-Food-Energy Nexus
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