توسعه چارچوب بازار آب بین‌بخشی برای ارتقای بازدهی اقتصادی مصرف آب زیرزمینی

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 کاندیدای دریافت دکتری/ دانشکده مهندسی عمران، دانشگاه صنعتی اصفهان، اصفهان، ایران .

2 دانشیار/ دانشکده مهندسی عمران، دانشگاه صنعتی اصفهان، اصفهان، ایران

3 استادیار/ بخش تحقیقات اقتصادی، اجتماعی و ترویج کشاورزی، مرکز تحقیقات و آموزش کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی استان اصفهان، سازمان تحقیقات، آموزش و ترویج کشاورزی، اصفهان، ایران

چکیده

در این مقاله یک چارچوب کارآمد برای تخصیص بهینه منابع آب زیرزمینی در محدوده فعالیت بازار آب محلی موجود در دشت اصفهان-برخوار ارائه می‌شود. در مرحله اول برای بهبود وضعیت هیدرولوژیکی آبخوان، مجوزهای برداشت مزارع فروشنده آب با استفاده از دو رویکرد بالا به ‌پایین و پایین ‌به ‌بالا کاهش داده می‌شود. رویکرد پایین ‌به ‌بالا به‌دلیل لحاظ‌نمودن مطلوبیت‌های مزارع از طریق ایجاد فرآیند چانه‌زنی بین آن‌ها، سیاست‌های قابل ‌پذیرش‌تری را پیشنهاد می‌دهد. مرحله دوم شامل مدل‌سازی فروش مجوزهای آب زیرزمینی از مزارع به صنایع مختلف با استفاده از روش برنامه‌ریزی ریاضی عدد صحیح مبادلات آب است. در این مدل، حجم مبادلات به‌گونه‌ای تعیین خواهد شد که سود کلی سامانه از طریق یافتن میزان بهینه تولید محصولات مختلف و حجم مصرف آب، حداکثر شود. نتایج برای سال زراعی 16-2015 نشان می‌دهد که مزارع با کاشت محصولات سودآور و فروش آب مازاد خود باعث افزایش تولید در بخش صنعت می‌شوند. با این حال مزارع هم‌چنان به‌دلیل کاهش مجوزها نسبت به شرایط اولیه خود دچار خسارت خواهند شد. بنابراین در مرحله سوم با استفاده از بازی‌ همکارانه شاپلی سود حاصل از مبادلات بین خریداران و فروشندگان آب به‌صورت عادلانه بازتخصیص می‌شود. به‌طوری که سود مزارع و واحدهای صنعتی به‌ترتیب 55 و 19 درصد نسبت به وضعیت موجود افزایش می‌یابد. بنابراین چارچوب پیشنهادی این قابلیت را دارد که علاوه بر تسهیل در اجرای سیاست کاهش مجوزهای آب زیرزمینی، بازدهی اقتصادی استفاده از این مجوزها را نیز بهبود دهد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Development of Inter-Sectional Water Market Framework for Improving Economic Efficiency of Groundwater Consumption

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mohammad Amin Zolfagharipoor 1
  • Azadeh Ahmadi 2
  • Alireza Nikouei 3
1 Ph.D. Candidate, Department of Civil Engineering, Isfahan University of Technology, Isfahan, Iran
2 Associate Professor, Department of Civil Engineering, Isfahan University of Technology, Isfahan, Iran
3 Assistant Professor, Social and Extension Research Department, Isfahan Agricultural and Natural Resources Research and Education Center, AREEO, Isfahan, Iran
چکیده [English]

In this paper,, an efficient framework is presented for optimal allocation of groundwater resources at the activity area of local water market within the Isfahan-Borkhar plain. In the first step, to improve aquifer’s hydrological condition, farms’ groundwater permits are reduced using top-down and bottom-up approaches. The bottom-up approach proposes more acceptable strategies due to considering farms’ utilities trough creating a bargaining process among them. The second step involves modeling the sales of groundwater permits from farms to different industries using water exchanges integer mathematical programming method. In this model, exchange volume is determined in such a way as to maximize the system’s total profit by finding the optimal production amount of different products and the corresponding water consumption volume. The results for the farming year 2015-2016 show that farms increase the production amount in the industrial sector by planting profitable crops and selling their surplus water. However, farms still suffer losses due to reduced permits compared to their current status. Therefore, in the third step, the exchanges’ profits are fairly reallocated among water buyers and sellers using Shapley cooperative game. So that compared to the current status, the profits of farms and industry units increase by 55% and 19%, respectively. Therefore, the proposed framework is capable of to improve the economic efficiency of groundwater permits use, in addition to facilitating the implementation of the permits reduction policy.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Water Market
  • optimization
  • Bargaining
  • Isfahan-Borkhar Plain
  • Cooperative Game Model
Ahmadi A, Zolfagharipoor MA, and Ebrahimi B (2019) Challenges and considerations of regional water market rights, a case study: Isfahan-Borkhar Plain. Iran-Water Resources Research 14(5):137-148 (In Persian)
Ali poor A, Davari k, Vahdani Mj (2018) A successful pilot project on groundwater participatory management in Neyshabur. 3th Iranian Congress on Soil and Water Engineering and Management, Karaj, Iran (In Persian)
Badie Barzin H, Khamri GH, Ghafari Moghadam Z, Parhizkari A (2017) The effects of regional water markets formation on balancing the supply and demand of irrigation qater in the Sistan region. Iran-Water Resources Research 14(3):253-256 (In Persian)
Boghraie H and Mahjouri N (2019)  A methodology for water allocation and pricing based on local water marketing and stakeholders hierarchy. Iran-Water Resources Research 15(1):137-153 (In Persian)
Brams SJ and Kilgour DM (2001) Fallback bargaining. Group Decision and Negotiation 10(4):287-316
Brooke A, Kendrick D, and Meeraus A (1988) GAMS: A Users's Guide. The Scientific Press
Carraro C and Sgobbi A (2008) Modelling negotiated decision making in environmental and natural resource management: a multilateral, multiple issues, non-cooperative bargaining model with uncertainty. Automatica 44(6):1488-1503
Erfani T, Binions O, and Harou JJ (2014) Simulating water markets with transaction costs. Water Resources Research 50(6):4726-4745
Fazel R and Tavasoli G (trs) (2019) Introduction to sociology. Bruce J. Cohen, SAMT publication, Tehran, Iran, 502p (In Persian)
Firoozjang S (2014) Modeling of bargaining process in water resources management issues with the emphasis of uncertainties. M.Sc. Thesis, School of Civil Engineering, University of Tehran (In Persian)
Ghodsi SH, Kerachian R, Estalaki SM, Nikoo MR, and Zahmatkesh Z (2016) Developing a stochastic conflict resolution model for urban runoff quality management: application of info-gap and bargaining theories. Journal of Hydrology 533:200-212
Ghorbanian M, Fasihi Harandi M, Liaghat AM (2020) Social water banking, a reframing of water governance regimes. Iran-Water Resources Research 15(4):425-437 (In Persian)
Griffin RC (2016) Water resource economics: The analysis of scarcity, policies, and projects. MIT press
Hosseini Sirat SM (2017) Investigating the concept of social structure in thoughts of social sciences thinkers. Farhang-e Pazhuohesh 31:179-209 (In Persian)
Iran Ministry of Energy (2019) Instruction on how the implementation of Articles 27 and 28 of the fair water distribution law. (In Persian)
Levers LR, Skaggs TH, and Schwabe KA (2019) Buying water for the environment: A hydro-economic analysis of Salton Sea inflows. Agricultural Water Management 213:554-567
Liang TG (2013) Trading and economic efficiency in selected Victorian water markets in Australia. Ph.D. Thesis, School of Management and Governance, Murdoch University
Madani K (2014) Water management in Iran: what is causing the looming crisis? Journal Of Environmental Studies And Sciences 4:315-328
Mahjouri N and Bizhani-Manzar M (2013) Waste load allocation in rivers using fallback bargaining. Water Resources Management 27(7):2125-2136
Mirnezami SJ and Bagheri A (2017) Assessing the water governance system for groundwater conservation in Iran. Iran-Water Resources Research 13(2):32-55 (In Persian)
Nikouei A and Najafi B (2011) Welfare effects of establishing agricultural water market in Iran case of irrigation networks in Isfahan. Agricultural Economics and Development 19(76):51-82 (In Persian)
Parham B (tr) (2013) A dictionary of the social sciences. Julius Gould and William Kolb, Mazyar publication, Tehran, Iran, 968p (In Persian)
Parsapour-Moghaddami P, Abed-Elmdoust A, and Kerachian R (2015) A heuristic evolutionary game theoretic methodology for conjunctive use of surface and groundwater resources. Water Resources Management 29(11):3905 -3918
Richardson S, Evans R, and Harrington G (2011) Connecting science and engagement: setting groundwater extraction limits using a stakeholder led decision-making process. In: Grafton Q, Connell D (eds) Basin futures: water reform in the Murray-Darling basin. Australia National University Press, Canberra, 351p
Safari N, Zarghami M, Behboudi D, and Alami MT (2016) Market-Based welfare effects modeling in regional allocation of water compared to the administrative allocation by developing cooperative game; case study. Iran-Water Resources Research 12(3):22-34 (In Persian)
Sarmad Z, Bazargan-Harandi A, Hejazi A (2016) Research methods in behavioral sciences. Agah publication, Tehran, Iran, 408p (In Persian)
Xu Y, Fu X, and Chu X (2019) Analyzing the impacts of climate change on hydro-environmental conflict-resolution management. Water Resources Management 33(4):1591-1607
Zayandab Consulting Engineering Company (2016) Report of the update of water resources balance for study areas in the Gavkhuni basin. Technical Report (In Persian)
Zeng XT, Li YP, Huang GH, and Liu J (2016) Modeling water trading under uncertainty for supporting water resources management in an arid region. Journal of Water Resources Planning and Management 142(2)